How to start Pruning

Pruning is an essential part of maintaining the health and appearance of your plants. Whether you’re a seasoned gardener or a beginner, knowing how to properly prune your plants can help keep them healthy and thriving. In this article, we’ll cover the basics of how to start pruning.

Gather your tools

Before you start pruning, you’ll need to gather the right tools. This includes pruning shears, loppers, a pruning saw, and gloves to protect your hands. Make sure your tools are sharp and in good condition to ensure clean cuts that won’t damage your plants.

Identify the branches to prune

Before you start cutting, take a close look at your plant and identify the branches that need pruning. Look for dead, diseased, or damaged branches, as well as any that are crossing or rubbing against each other. You’ll also want to remove any suckers or water sprouts that are growing from the base of the plant.

Make your first cut

When you’re ready to start pruning, make your first cut. Use your pruning shears to remove any small branches or twigs that need to be trimmed. Start by making a clean cut at a 45-degree angle just above a healthy bud or lateral branch.

Move on to larger branches

Once you’ve trimmed the smaller branches, move on to larger branches that need to be removed. Depending on the size of the branch, you may need to use loppers or a pruning saw. When making larger cuts, be sure to support the branch with one hand to prevent it from tearing away from the tree and causing damage.

Prune for shape

In addition to removing dead or diseased branches, pruning can also be used to shape your plant. Whether you’re trimming back overgrown hedges or training fruit trees, pruning can help keep your plants looking their best. When pruning for shape, make sure to step back and evaluate the overall appearance of the plant to ensure you’re creating a balanced and attractive shape.

Clean up

Once you’ve finished pruning, it’s important to clean up any debris that’s been left behind. Remove any branches or leaves that have fallen to the ground, as well as any dead or diseased plant material. This will help prevent the spread of disease and keep your garden looking neat and tidy.


Pruning is an important skill for any gardener to learn. By following these basic steps, you can get started with pruning your plants and keeping them healthy and beautiful. Remember to always use the right tools, make clean cuts, and evaluate the overall shape of your plant to ensure the best results. Happy pruning!

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